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OpenSCAP: Automating Compliance Checks

private-devsecops-basics-cac | Level: Easy  | Total Lab Runs: 0 | Premium Lab

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OpenSCAP is used to check for security configurations in compliance with NIST Certified SCAP 1.2

A Kali GUI machine (kali-gui) is provided to the user with OpenSCAP installed on it. OpenSCAP uses OVAL (Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language) XML files to read the list of vulnerabilities and then check for those on the local machine. Two example OVAL XML files are stored in the home directory of the root user. One file contains CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) definitions and the other contains the USN (Ubuntu Security Notice).

Objective: Use Openscap to scan the Kali machine!


  • The OVAL XML files are provided at /root/oval-files/
  • The OpenSCAP can be invoked using ‘oscap’ command

The following activities are strictly prohibited on this website unless otherwise explicitly stated as allowed in the mission statement:

  • Using automated scanners
  • Using brute force attacks
  • Denial of Service attacks
  • Attacking other student machines in challenges where you might achieve a shell on the vulnerable system
  • Attacking the lab infrastructure

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